Un enfoque no paramétrico para la descomposición de la productividad del trabajo en la industria manufacturera regional

Juan Carlos Chávez-Martín del Campo, Luis Fernando López-Ornelas

Abstract


This study decomposes both the labor productivity gap and the labor productivity growth into the contributions of technical efficiency, capital deepening and technological change for Mexican manufacturing at the regional level. The results indicate that regional differences in labor productivity are mainly attributed to technical efficiency, and, to a lesser extent, to regional differences in capital deepening. Moreover, labor productivity growth was not homogeneous across regions over the period 1998-2008. In both the north and the south, the increase in labor productivity was mainly driven by technical efficiency, while the technological change was the most influential factor in labor productivity growth in the central regions. 


Keywords


Capital intensity; Labor productivity; Technical efficiency; Technological change; Manufacturing; Shapley value

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