Commercial Disputes Resolution and Regional Economic Performance in Mexico

Juan Carlos Chávez, Felipe J. Fonseca, Manuel Gómez-Saldívar


In this article, we analyze the relationship between the economic growth rate and a rule of law indicator in Mexican states during the period 2006–2013. Specifically, we employ information regarding the time it takes to solve commercial disputes in local courts, which we use as a proxy variable to measure the efficiency of the justice system. In principle, we expect that the shorter the time it takes to resolve commercial disputes, the higher the growth rates will be in the states where the firms are located. Long, drawn-out court disputes are costly for firms, which in turn may translate into lower growth rates due to the negative impact of these costs on their levels of investment. The results suggest that a 100-day decrease in the time it takes to resolve a commercial dispute is associated with an increase of 0.6 per cent in the average GDP per capita growth rate in Mexican states.


Economic Growth; Justice System; Regional Economies


Acemoglu D., Johnson, S. y Robinson, J. (2001). “The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: an Empirical Investigation.” The American Economic Review, 91(5), 1369-1401.

Acemoglu D., y Robinson, J. (2008). “The Role of Institutions in Growth and Development.” Working Paper 10, Commission on Growth and Development, The World Bank.

Ahsan, R. N. (2013). “Input Tariffs, Speed of Contract Enforcement, and the Productivity of Firms in India.” Journal of International Economics, 90(1), 181-192.

Banco Mundial (2007, 2009, 2012, 2014). “Doing Business in Mexico”. Banco Mundial, disponible en:

Barro, R. (1991), “Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries”, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 106(2), 407-443.

Barro, R. (1996a), “Democracy and Growth”, Journal of Economic Growth, 1(1), 1-27.

Barro, R. (1996b). “Determinants of Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Empirical Study.” NBER, Working Paper No. 5698.

Caselli, F., Esquivel, G., y Lefort, F. (1996). “Reopening the Convergence Debate: a New Look at Cross-Country Growth Empirics”. Journal of Economic Growth, 1(3), 363-389.

Chávez, Juan C. y López, L. F. (2013), “Diferencias en la Productividad del Trabajo de la Industria Manufacturera: ¿Cómo se Relacionan con la Provisión de Infraestructura?”, Mimeo, Banco de México.

Chiquiar, D. (2005). “Why Mexico´s Regional Income Converge Broke Down”. Journal of Development Economics, 77, 257-275.

Djankov, Simeon, Mcliesh, C. y Ramalho, R. M. (2006). “Regulation and Growth”. Economics Letters, 92, 395-401.

Enamorado, T., López-Calva, L. y Rodríguez-Castelan, C. (2013). “Crime and Growth Convergence, Evidence from Mexico”. The World Bank, Latin America and Caribbean Region, Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Unit, Policy Research Working Paper No. 6730.

Esposito, G., Lanau, S. y Pompe, S. (2014). “Judicial System Reform in Italy: a Key to Growth.” International Monetary Fund, Working Paper No. 14/32.

Forbes, K. J. (2000). “A Reassessment of the Relationship between Inequality and Growth.” American Economic Review, 90(4), 869-887.

Hotelling, H. (1933). “Analysis of a Complex of Statistical Variables into Principal Components”. Journal of Educational Psychology, 24(6), 417-441.

Jolliffe, I. (2002). Principal Component Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Haggard, S. y Tiede, L. (2010). “The Rule of Law and Economic Growth: Where are We?” Artículo preparado para presentarse en la Conferencia Measuring the Rule of Law, 2010, UT School of Law.

Hanson, G. (2010). “Why isn´t Mexico Rich?” Journal of Economic Literature, 48(4), 987-1004.

Knack, S., y Keefer, P. (1995). “Institutions and Economic Performance: Cross-Country Test Using Alternative Institutional Measures.” Economic and Politics, 7(3), 207-227.

LeSage, J. P., y Pace, R. K. (2009). Introduction to Spatial Econometrics, CRC Press.

Mauro, P. (1995). “Corruption and Growth”. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 110(3), 681-712.

North, D. (1990). Institutions, Institutional Change, and Economic Performance. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Pearson, K. (1901). “On Lines and Planes of Closest Fit to Systems of Points in Space”. Philosophical Magazine, 2(11), 559-572.

Rodrik D. (2007). “Institutions for High Quality Growth: What are They and How to Acquire Them”. Studies in Comparative International Development, 35(3), 3-31.

Rodríguez-Oreggia, E. (2005). “Regional Disparities and Determinants of Growth in Mexico”. The Annals of Regional Science, 39(2), 207-220.

Weiss, E., y D. Rosenblatt (2010). “Regional Economic Growth in Mexico, Recent Evolution and the Role of Governance.” The World Bank, Latin America and Caribbean Region, Agriculture and Rural Development Unit, Policy Research Working Paper No. 5369.

Wooldridge (2009). Introductory Econometrics. A Modern Approach, Thomson.

Contador de visualizaciones:

  • Abstract : 31 vistas.
  • PDF (Español (España)) : 32 vistas.
  • Refbacks

    • There are currently no refbacks.

    Copyright (c) 2017 Ensayos Revista de Economía (Ensayos Journal of Economics)

    Creative Commons License
    This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

    Información Legal
    Ensayos Revista de Economía, Vol. 36, No. 1, Mayo 2017, es una publicación semestral editada por la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, a través de la Facultad de Economía con la colaboración del Centro de Investigaciones Económicas, Av. Lázaro Cárdenas 4600 Ote., Fracc. Residencial Las Torres, Monterrey, N.L. C.P. 64930. Tel. +52 (81) 8329 4150 Ext. 2463 Fax. +52 (81) 8342 2897. Editor Responsable: Daniel Flores Curiel, Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo No. 04-2015-091013542400-203, ISSN 2448-8402, ambos otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Responsable de la última actualización de este Número, Facultad de Economía UANL, M.C. Hans Y. Martinez Torres, Av. Lázaro Cárdenas 4600 Ote., Fracc. Residencial Las Torres, Monterrey, N.L. C.P. 64930. Tel. +52 (81) 8329 4150. Fecha última de actualización 9 de Mayo de 2017.

    Las opiniones y contenidos expresados en los artículos son responsabilidad exclusiva de los autores.

     Licencia de Creative Commons

    El contenido de Ensayos Revista de Economía está bajo términos de la licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional.