Crecimiento económico y gasto público en salud según población objetivo en México

Main Article Content

Jorge José Luis Reynoso-González
Adrián De León Arias

Abstract

En este artículo se analiza, la relación de largo plazo entre gasto público en salud (GPS) y crecimiento económico (CE) enMéxico desde una perspectiva regional y considerando el gasto público en salud hacia población, con y sin acceso a seguridad social. En particular, ofrecemos un análisis diferencial por tipo de acceso a servicios de salud y región que enriquece la literatura al respecto. El análisis econométrico se desarrolla a través de datos en panel con información de PIB y GPS de 32 entidades federativas en un período de 1993 a 2017 y aplica técnicas de cointegración y modelación mediante MG-FMOLS. Los principales resultados encuentran evidencia a favor de una relación de largo plazo entre CE yambos tipos de GPS. Adicionalmente, se explora la relación entre estos resultados y el nivel de desarrollo por entidad federativa.


Economic growth and public spending on health according to
the target population in Mexico

This article analyzes the long-term relationship between Public Spending on Health (PHS) and economic growth (EG) in Mexico through a regional perspective and considering public spending on health to the population, with and without access to social security. In particular, we offer a differential analysis by type of access to health services and region that enriches the literature in this regard. The econometric analysis is developed through panel data with GDP and PHS information from 32 states in a period from 1993 to 2017 and applies cointegration and modeling techniques using MG-FMOLS. The main results find evidence in favor of a long-term relationship between CE and both types of GPS. Additionally, the relationship between these results and the level of development by the state is explored.

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How to Cite
Reynoso-González, J. J. L., & De León Arias, A. (2021). Crecimiento económico y gasto público en salud según población objetivo en México. Ensayos Revista De Economía (Ensayos Journal of Economics), 40(1), 89–114. https://doi.org/10.29105/ensayos40.1-4
Section
Articles
Author Biographies

Jorge José Luis Reynoso-González, Universidad de Guadalajara

Profesor

Dpto de Economía

Centro Universitario de Ciencias Económicas Administrativas 

Universidad de Guadalajara 

Adrián De León Arias, Universidad de Guadalajara

Profesor-Investigador

SNI-II

Dpto de Admon

Centro Universitario de Ciencias Económicas Administrativas 

Universidad de Guadalajara 

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