This guide provides detailed information about the citation in the text and format style required in the reference section. Please read this document before submission.


Citation in the text


  • If the sentence includes the author´s surname, write the year in parenthesis.


     Del Razo (2003) estimated that…


  • If the paper has more than two authors, cite all authors the first time


Atal, Ñopo y Winder (2009) found that…


  • In the following occasions, mention only the first author´s surname and write et al.


           Atal et al. (2009)


  • If the paper has more than six authors, you can use et al. the first time


          Hertz et al. (2008) realized…


  • If the author has more than two papers, write the author´s surname and the year of the papers separated by a comma.


The concept introduced by Hart (1971, 1973)…


  • If you do not include the author´s surname in the sentence, write the cite in parenthesis:


 (…) take into account the effects of the specific omitted variables (Hsiao, 2003).


  • If you have more than two papers in the previous situation, separate them using a semicolon:


(…) legal and economic dynamic structure. (De Soto, 2000; Shneider, 2004).


(…) in the international context (Taylor, 1996; Marcouiller, De Castilla y Woodruff, 1997; Le, 1999; Charmes, 2000; Parker, 2004; Van Der Sluis, Van Praag y Vijverberg, 2004; Huesca, 2005, 2008; Cervantes et al., 2008).


  • If the paper is published by an organization, include the acronym of the organization and the year in parenthesis.


 (…) World Bank (WB, 1972).


  • If Author A is cited by Author B, and you did not read the original paper, cite the paper of Author B in the reference section.


Author A (cited in Author B, 2012)…


Reference section


General comments

  • List the papers alphabetically and chronologically.


Electronic documents

  • For dissertations and electronic books include the name of the database where you download it.
  • Do not include the downloading date.
  • Do not write a period after Web (URL) address.


Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • Include DOI if it is available.


Papers in Journals


Surname´s Author, A. A., surname´s Author, B. B., and surname´s Author, C. C. (year). “Paper´s Title”. Journal title, Volume(number), pages.


  • One author

Fields, G. (1975). “Rural-Urban Migration, urban Unemployment and Underemployment, and job search activity in LDCs”. Journal of Development Economics, 2, 165-87.


  • More than one author

Becker, S., and Ichino, A. (2002). “Estimation of average treatment effects based on propensity scores”. The Stata Journal, 2(4), 358-377.


Cervantes, J., Gutiérrez, G., and Palacios, L. (2008). “El concepto de la economía informal y su aplicación en México: factibilidad, inconvenientes y propuestas”. Estudios Demográficos y Urbanos, 23(1), 21-54.


  • Working papers

Agénor, P. R., and Aizenman, J. (1994). “Macroeconomic Adjustment with Segmented Labor Markets”. NBER Working Paper No. 4769.


Domac, I., and Mendoza, A. (2004). “Is There Room for Foreign Exchange Interventions under an Inflation Targeting Framework? Evidence from Mexico and Turkey”. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3288.




Surname, A. A. (Year). Title. City: Editorial.

Surname, A. A. (Year). Title. Download

Surname, A. A. (Year). Title. DOI: xx.xxxxxxxx

Surname, A. A. (Ed.). (Year). Title. City: Editorial.


  • Book with one author

Hull, J. C. (2006). Options, Futures and Other Derivatives. Sexta edición, Nueva Jersey, USA: Prentice Hall.


  • Book with more than two Authors

Sarno, L., and Taylor, M. P. (2003). The Economics of Exchange Rates. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.


  • Book with editor

Frankel, J. A., Galli, G., and Giovannini, A. (Eds.) (1996). The Microstructure of Foreign Exchange Markets Chicago. USA: The University of Chicago Press-NBER.


  • Translation

Malhotra, N. K. (1997). Investigación de Mercados. Un enfoque práctico. (Trad. V. de Parres). México D.F., México: Prentice-Hall. (Original in English, 1996).



Book without Author


Title (Number of edition or reimpression) (Year of publication). Place of publication: Editorial.


 Methods of Regional Analysis: An introduction of Regional Science. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The M.I.T. Press.





Author, A. A., Author, B. B., and Author, C. C. (year). “Paper Title”. Handbook Title, Volume, pages.


Montgomery, M. R., and Trussell, J. (1986). “Models of Marital Status and Childbearing”. Handbook of Labor Economics, 1, 205-271.



Chapter in a book or entry in a reference work


Surname, A. A., and Surname, B. B. (Year). Chapter Title. Surname, A. A. (Ed.), Book title (pp. xx-xx). City: Publisher.

Surname, A. A., and Surname, B. B. (Year). chapter title. Surname, A. A. (Ed.), Book title (pp. xx-xx). City: Publisher. Download http://www.xxxxxx

Surname, A. A., and Surname, B. B. (Year). chapter title. Surname, A. A. (Ed.), Book title (pp. xx-xx). City: Publisher. DOI: xxxxxxxx.


  • Example chapter of a book

Hashimoto, Y., and Ito, T. (2011). Market microstructure of the foreign exchange markets: Evidence from the electronic broking system. In Gregoriou, G. N. and Pascalau, R. (Eds.), Financial Econometrics Modeling: Market Microstructure, Factor Models and Financial Risk Measures (66-91). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.





Surname, A. A. (Year). Title. (Master of Doctoral Dissertation). Institution´s name, City.


Muñoz Castillo, L. (2004). Determinación del conocimiento sobre inteligencia emocional que poseen los maestros y la importancia que le adscriben al concepto en el aprovechamiento de los estudiantes. (Master’s Thesis). Universidad Metropolitana, San Juan, P.R.


Santini Rivera, M. (1998). The effects of various types of verbal feedback on the performance of selected motor development skills of adolescent males with Down syndrome. (Doctoral Thesis). Available in: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (AAT 9832765)


 Aquino Ríos, A. (2008). Análisis en el desarrollo de los temas transversales en los currículos de español, matemáticas, ciencias y estudios sociales del Departamento de Educación. (Master’s Thesis, Universidad Metropolitana). Available in:   :


Publication of an organization


Author, A. A., Author, B. B., and Author, C. C. (year). “Paper Title”. Institution, Serie, and the number of publication. City: Government of …


Del Razo, L. M. (2003). “Estudio de la brecha salarial entre hombres y mujeres en México (1994-2001)”. Secretaría de Desarrollo Social, Serie: documentos de investigación No. 4. México: Gobierno Federal.


ACRONYM OF THE INSTITUTION (year). “Paper Title”. Institution, Serie, and the number of publication. City: Government of …


BANXICO (2002). “Informe sobre Inflación Abril-Junio 2002.” Banco de México. México: Banco de México.




The New Grove dictionary of music and musicians (6º. ed., Vols. 1-20). (1980). London, Inglaterra: McMillan.


Website or internet document


Oosterhaven, J. and Stelder, E. (2008). Syllabus. Regional and Interregional IO Analysis.  Available in: <>.


CD-ROM document


Thomann, G. (1996). Wind power. McGraw Hill encyclopedia of science and technology. [CD-ROM]. New York: Mc Graw Hill.


Source: APA (2012). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Available in: <>