Competencia oligopólica y comercio internacional: examinando la calidad de productos Oligopolistic Competition and International Trade: Examining Product Quality

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Michel Eduardo Betancourt Gomez
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5520-2548

Resumen

En este documento, se propone examinar teóricamente el comercio de la calidad de productos con un marco de competencia oligopólica a la Hotelling, en lugar de un marco de competencia monopolística o competencia perfecta como es el estándar en la literatura del comercio internacional. Este marco permite identificar la calidad de los productos, al tiempo que captura simultáneamente la preferencia por la variedad y la preferencia por la calidad de los consumidores. Los resultados teóricos permiten construir dos índices que capturan la calidad a través de los precios y de las cantidades. Usando datos altamente desagregados a nivel producto, se prueban los índices y se presentan resultados sobre el comercio de la calidad, en productos y países seleccionados. Por ejemplo, México y Francia exportan calidad en el caso de los vinos, sin embargo, los indicadores muestran que los vinos de Francia poseen mayor calidad.


Abstract


This paper proposes to theoretically examine products’ quality trade with an oligopolistic competition framework a la Hotelling rather than a monopolistic competition or perfect competition framework as is standard in international trade literature. This framework makes it possible to identify the quality of products while simultaneously capturing consumers' preference for variety and quality. The theoretical results allow the construction of two indices that capture quality through prices and quantities. The indices are tested using highly disaggregated data at the product level, and results on quality trade-in selected products and countries are presented. For example, Mexico and France export quality in the case of wines; however, the indicators show that French wines have higher quality.

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Betancourt Gomez, M. E. (2022). Competencia oligopólica y comercio internacional: examinando la calidad de productos: Oligopolistic Competition and International Trade: Examining Product Quality. Ensayos Revista De Economía, 41(2). https://doi.org/10.29105/ensayos41.2-3
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Biografía del autor/a

Michel Eduardo Betancourt Gomez, División de Estudios de Posgrado de la Facultad de Economía de la UNAM

Profesor y ayudante de investigacion posdoctoral en la División de Estudios de Posgrado de la Facultad de Economía de la UNAM

Citas

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